Terminology

Terminology

Why Do We Learn Korean Terms?

We study Korean terminology for a number of reasons. Tae Kwon Do is the martial art that originated in Korea. By learning Korean language and history, we show respect to the nation and culture that developed the art we study. An important lesson we learn through Tae Kwon Do is how to accept ourselves and other people. By studying another language we show our willingness to accept another culture.

Another reason for our study is that Tae Kwon Do is not just about strengthening our body, but our mind and spirit as well. It is important that when someone asks you about Tae Kwon Do you are able to speak about more than just kicking and punching. Knowing only how to kick and punch without an understanding of where the art came from reduces Tae Kwon Do to mere sport. In order to become a complete martial artist, we must appreciate not only our new physical skills, but also their purpose, and the nation and culture that gave them to us.

Yellow Belt

General Terms:

  • Ki-hap – Shout
  • Dobok – Uniform
  • Dee – Belt
  • Dojang – Training Hall

Commands:

  • Charyut – Attention Stance
  • Joon Bee – Ready Stance
  • Naranhi Seogi – Natural Stance
  • Kyunyet – Bow
  • Shim sa – Test

Techniques:

  • Juchum Jireugi – Punching in Horseback Stance

Counting:

  • Hana – One
  • Dool – Two
  • Set – Three
  • Net – Four
  • Dasut – Five
  • Yasut – Six
  • Ilkop – Seven
  • Yudul – Eight
  • A-Hop – Nine
  • Yeol – Ten

Orange Belt

Commands

  • Illasa – Stand up
  • Anja – Sit down
  • Ap gubi – Long stance
  • Ap seogi – Walking stance
  • Daryun jasae – Fighting stance

Techniques

  • Dollyo chai – Roundhouse kick
  • Dwio ap chagi – Jumping front kick

General terms

  • Sonnal – Knife hand
  • Bandaro – Opposite side

Courteous Phrases

  • Gamsohapnida – Thank you
  • Chamanao – You’re welcome

Green Belt

  • Ap chagi – Front kick
  • Yup chagi – Side kick
  • Ap choleekey – Front stretch kick
  • Yup choleekey – Side stretch kick
  • B’areunbal yup chagi – Skipping side kick
  • Dwio yup chagi – Jumping side kick
  • Batangson – Palm hand
  • Makki – Block
  • Mumtung jireugi – Middle punch

Blue Belt

  • Chung – Blue
  • Hung – Red
  • Palkup dollyo chigi – Turning elbow strike
  • Daryun jasae – Fighting stance
  • Bada chagi – Counter kick
  • Dollyo chagi – Roundhouse kick
  • Palkup dwi chigi – Elbow back strike
  • Dwi dollyo yup chagi – Back turning side kick
  • Palkup ollyo-chagi – Elbow rising strike

Purple Belt

  • Poomse – Forms
  • Yuk sonnal – Ridge hand
  • Oreun ap seogi – Right walking stance
  • Wen ap seogi – Left walking stance
  • Oreun ap gubi – Right long stance
  • Wen ap gubi – Left long stance
  • Dwi dollyo yup chagi – Turning back side kick
  • Dwi seogi – Back stance
  • Oreun dwit gubi – Right back stance
  • Wen dwit gubi – Left back stance

Review

  • Kyuk pa – breaking
  • Deungjumok – backfist
  • All stances

Brown Belt

Grandmaster Kim’s 9 Guidelines

  • Do your best
  • Be proud
  • Be honest
  • Be sincere
  • Be patient
  • Be humble
  • Be diligent
  • Be happy
  • Self-control

Counting

1-25

Other Terms

  • Wan-gup yuk sonar – Speed ridge hand
  • Pyonsonkkeut seozireugi – Flat-hand fingertips erect punch
  • Deungjumok olgol-ap chigi – Backfist face hitting
  • Mejumeok naeryo chigi – Hammerfist down hitting
  • Yup jireugi – Side punch
  • Whobae – Junior
  • Dwio – Jump

Review Stances

Dwio-Yul yup chagi – Flying side kick

Red Belt

TKD Creed

  • Loyalty to country
  • Obedience to parent and teacher
  • Respect your elders
  • Be faithful to your friends
  • Never take a life without a cause
  • Never give up – persevere to finish what you start
  • Never retreat in the face of the enemy

Terms

  • Dollyo nakka chagi – Turning hook kick
  • Dwikkoa seogi – Back cross stance
  • Palkup pyojeck chigi – Elbow target hitting
  • Palkup dollyo chigi – Elbow turning hitting
  • Naeyro chagi – Axe kick
  • Hansonnal bitureo makki – One hand blade twist blocking
  • Momdollyu chagi – Turning hook kick
  • Naranhi seogi – Natural stance
  • Dan – Degree of black belt
  • Kup – rank below black belt
  • Sa bum nim – Instructor
  • Kwan jang nim – Grandmaster or school owner
  • Ko mahn – That’s enough

Red/Black

Fruits of the Spirit

  • Love
  • Joy
  • Peace
  • Patience
  • Kindness
  • Goodness
  • Faithfulness
  • Gentleness
  • Self-control

Terms

  • Beom seogi – Cat stance
  • Moa seogi – Closed stance
  • Batangson kodureo momton an-makki – Palm hand assist trunk inner blocking
  • Sonnal arae makki – Hand blade underneath blocking
  • Shi shun – Focus of eyes
  • Jecho-jireugi – Push away punch
  • Momtong hecho-makki – Trunk Push Block
  • Wesanteul makki – single hand wide open blocking
  • Dankyo teok jireugi – Pull the jaws blocking

5 Tenets

  • Ye ul – Courtesy
  • Yom chi – Integrity
  • In tae – Perseverance
  • Guk gi – Self-control
  • Baekjul book gool – Indomitable spirit

Review

Dwikkoa seogi – back cross stance

Additional Terms

  • Oreun – Right
  • Wen – Left
  • Bandae jireugi – Reverse punch
  • Dwi – Back
  • Bakkat chagi – Otter kick
  • An – Inner
  • An chagi – Inner kick
  • Sonnal mok chigi – Knife hand neck strike
  • Dubeon – Double
  • Jebi-poom mok chigi – Swallow neck hitting
  • Momtong baro-jireugi – Trunk right hitting
  • Kyo bum nim – Senior
  • Dwe ro tora – Turn around
  • Mook nyum – Meditation
  • Wan-gup – Speed
  • Kuk kiyeh – National flag
  • Yak sook kyorugi – Light promise sparring
  • Kalyeo – Break the action
  • Kae sook – Continue
  • Jae ja – Student
  • Nara bon – 360º roundhouse kick
  • Koa – X or cross
  • Apkoa seogi – Front cross stance
  • Pyojeck – Target

Descriptive Counting

  • Il – First
  • E – Second
  • Sam – Third
  • Sa – Fourth
  • O – Fifth
  • Yuk – Sixth
  • Chil – Seventh
  • Pal – Eighth
  • Ku – Ninth
  • Ship – Tenth